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In Zuchtvieh-Export GmbH v. Stadt Kempten, the European Court of Justice ruled that a European Council regulation that protects animal welfare during transport applies to the stages of a journey outside of the European Union (EU), if that journey commenced within the EU. This ruling by the European Court of Justice has been praised as it improves animal transport conditions outside of the EU. However, transport companies and governments outside of the EU are less welcoming of the ruling. The ruling highlights the difficulty in determining when and how such a regulation should be applied abroad. It also raises the broader question of striking a balance between efficient and uniform regulation across borders and maintaining territorial sovereignty. As a solution to the issues raised in Zuchtvieh-Export, this Comment suggests the use of bilateral international agreements, which would reduce conflict between nations by protecting territorial sovereignty.


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6 Sep 2022
350 kB



  • Subject
    • Animal Law

    • Comparative and Foreign Law

    • Courts

    • International Law

    • International Trade Law

  • Journal title
    • Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

  • Volume
    • 40

  • Issue
    • 2

  • Pagination
    • 363

  • Date submitted

    6 September 2022