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Developing country concern over awed special and differential treatment (S&D) provisions has already contributed to the failed Seattle and Cancún WTO Ministerial Meetings. In order to succeed, the current WTO Doha Development Round must go beyond simply reforming existing S&D provisions, important as that is. Developing countries must re-focus WTO trade and development policy around the twin goals of development and fairness. Developing countries need a comprehensive agreement on S&D clarifying that development, not trade liberalization, is the number one economic policy goal of developing countries, and that fairness, not charity, is the basis for development. Such an agreement should also establish adequate domestic policy space for minimally-distorting development policies; create binding and unconditional preferential market access; provide adequate time to implement complex new trade agreements; create truly “precise, effective and operational” S&D provisions; and adequately fund technical assistance.


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6 Sep 2022
214 kB



  • Subject
    • Economics

    • International Law

    • International Trade Law

    • Law and Economics

    • Law and Society

  • Journal title
    • Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

  • Volume
    • 27

  • Pagination
    • 291-318

  • Date submitted

    6 September 2022

  • Keywords