Skip to main content


Systemic racism in the United States is pervasive. It runs through every aspect of society, from healthcare to education. Changing all of the parts of society touched by racism is necessary, however, this Article does not provide a cure for systemic racism. It seeks to address a byproduct of this racism: police brutality. Over and over, headlines broadcast the deaths of Black Americans at the hands of the police – why has nothing changed? This Article argues that meaningful reform requires trust in U.S. law enforcement, which can only be achieved by holding police accountable and deterring misconduct. To do so, this Article proposes meaningful and forceful police licensing to guarantee more third-party, unbiased oversight.


File nameDate UploadedVisibilityFile size
7 Sep 2022
431 kB



  • Subject
    • Law Enforcement and Corrections

    • Race and Ethnicity

  • Journal title
    • Case Western Reserve Law Review

  • Volume
    • 71

  • Issue
    • 3

  • Pagination
    • 923-985

  • Date submitted

    7 September 2022