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The School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994 (STWOA) encouraged schools across the country to implement educational curricula that explicitly linked the worlds of school and work. Legislators hoped that integrating work-based learning with traditional classroom instruction would make education more relevant to all students. This Note examines whether STWOA succeeded in encouraging schools to integrate school-to-work programs into traditional classroom instruction. In particular, it explores school-to-work programs in Massachusetts to determine their effect on minority and low-income students. Although STWOA has largely failed to integrate work-based programs into the mainstream of educational curricula nationwide, this Note contends that STWOA helped to catalyze the implementation of school-to-work programs in key school districts such as Boston. After evaluating the benefits of work-based curricula to students in general and minority and low-income students in particular, this Note concludes that the federal government should reauthorize funding to school districts that have shown a commitment to school-to-work education.


File nameDate UploadedVisibilityFile size
7 Sep 2022
3.3 MB



  • Subject
    • Civil Rights and Discrimination

    • Education Law

  • Journal title
    • Boston College Third World Law Journal

  • Volume
    • 24

  • Issue
    • 2

  • Pagination
    • 333

  • Date submitted

    7 September 2022