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On August 9, 2018, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in Arce v. United States held that a jurisdiction-stripping provision of the Immigration and Nationality Act does not preclude judicial review of damages claims brought by noncitizens. The Ninth Circuit’s holding opened the door for noncitizens who were wrongfully removed from the United States in violation of a court order or automatic stay to pursue damages. In doing so, the Ninth Circuit departed from the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals, which held that the Act precluded noncitizens’ damages claims. This Comment argues that the Ninth Circuit’s holding was correct because the ability of noncitizens to bring damages claims for their wrongful removal serves as a meaningful check on the power of immigration agencies to carry out immigration policy. Further, the ability of noncitizens to bring damages claims aligns with the policy goals of the Federal Tort Claims Act.


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6 Sep 2022
470 kB



  • Subject
    • Courts

    • Immigration Law

    • Jurisdiction

    • Torts

  • Journal title
    • Boston College Law Review

  • Volume
    • 61

  • Issue
    • 9

  • Pagination
    • E.Supp. II.-339

  • Date submitted

    6 September 2022